Governing comfort in France from hygienism to sustainable housing XXth–XXIst century HOUSING STUDIES (2018)

, par  Yankel Fijalkow

Comfort is liable to an analysis in terms of governance and enrichment of the Housing Regimes theory. Thereby it develops in the first part a socio-historical analysis of housing standards production patterns in France from the 19th century to current day.

It distinguishes the hygienist period, the modernist period and the environmental period. For the lat- ter, it shows how private and institutional stakeholders operate. In the second part it analyses the results of a qualitative and quantitative survey of one thousand French homeowners. It reveals the various acceptations of the notion of comfort and the diverse integration of the energy conservation targets in practices. A new social differentiation appears through the capabilities to use new technologies and control the environment.